June 25, 2021
We all drive. Imagine a car dashboard showing you an unfamiliar alert. What would you do? The classic response is to look through a multi-page paper manual or call a mechanic... or maybe even ignore it. But is there anything safer and more convenient? There is: placing your smartphone camera in front of the alert and getting an immediate answer. AR makes this possible by augmenting physical-world experience with data and graphics.
Not only car owners benefit from AR, but the entire automotive sector: augmented reality brings new opportunities at every step of the process chain. It helps in manufacturing and inventory, assists technicians in vehicle maintenance, and boosts systems for a better driving experience. Take a look at the benefits that AR-based solutions bring to the automotive industry and companies working for it.
AR has the ability to add robust capabilities to solutions across multiple modalities—visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory. In the automotive sector, visual forms of augmented reality—via screens or glasses—prevail. For example, AR in automotive contributes to creating various types of head-up displays (HUDs) for applications.
So what does AR bring and why do so many carmakers invest their funds and efforts into this technology? Unlike expensive virtual reality, which has to generate the entire environment, much more affordable augmented reality only enhances the physical world with virtual elements. AR places 3D models into real situations and adds context to a display.
It’s possible to embed 3D models into the digital world with the help of either markers or sensors.
For both sensors and markers, it’s necessary to train deep learning algorithms for accurate detection of objects in live data.
Take a look at the real-life examples of automotive solutions and what perspectives it brings to OEMs, suppliers, software development companies, startups, and drivers.
New safety standards as well as an ever-increasing demand for comfort and luxury propel the automotive market. Industry 4.0 additionally calls for sustainability and consideration of future impact. So it’s no surprise that vehicles are becoming more complex and sophisticated year after year. Imagine a modern car. It incorporates multiple cameras, dozens of sensors, microprocessors, and about 100 million lines of code. Infotainment systems connected to the cloud make the vehicles of today technological marvels on wheels.
Augmented reality, in turn, is here to improve navigation and infotainment systems and enhance vehicle safety. For instance, it can augment navigation, adaptive cruise control, and lane departure warning. Other examples include AR-assisted dashboards, real-time street signs and accident warning, and AR entertainment systems. As a result, drivers get instant information on the surrounding environment and road conditions.
The invisible-to-visible technology (I2V) from Nissan introduces a 3D space around a vehicle. It enables an AR-assisted interface that was first presented at CES 2019. The idea is to provide drivers with real-time road data and make manual navigation assistance smarter and safer. Data from the vehicles shows hidden hazards or unforseen traffic situations.
The use of augmented reality in automotive settings advances the driving experience, so automakers can:
Augmented reality applications used in showrooms help salespeople show car functionality with the help of a headset or smartphone camera. The technology allows for a visualization of lots of overlapping information, such as interior and exterior parts, performance, weight, and financing. It’s possible to present this data in an interactive way and keep it up to date on the go.
AR-powered guides and instructions easily replace long and complex manuals. Manual applications provide car owners with access to vehicle features, maintenance, and information for repairs via smartphone or tablet.
AR-powered virtual guide app from Hyundai is a vivid example. At first, the application appeared to recognise about fifty vehicle features of the 2015 and 2016 Sonata. Today, it supports Genesis luxury sedans that use augmented reality. With this guide, consumers get how-to information for repairs, maintenance, and vehicle exterior and engine parts. 2D and 3D tracking technologies allow the delivery of in-depth information related to specific parts.
Here are some perks of augmented reality applications in the automotive industry for guides and instructions:
Augmented reality improves manufacturing and inspection operations on the factory floor. Spatial AR applications assist designers in matching various design options to physical vehicle models. Technicians can receive documentation and instructions in their AR glasses without being distracted. AR-guided part locating helps warehouse employees become faster and more efficient.
AR is also helpful for vehicle maintenance. Instead of a monotonous manual search, technical workers can use AR devices to identify machines and equipment that need service, simply by checking their data and history.
Training factory workers with AR is another powerful perk. Augmented reality coupled with digital twin technology can introduce virtual clones of physical assets, which help automate the training process in manufacturing. These digital models facilitate the training process—employees can see internal components to learn how to repair and service vehicles. An example of this is an iPad training app created by Jaguar Land Rover in tandem with Bosch.
BMW is among the early adopters of AR on the factory floor. The company uses augmented reality to inspect delivered tools at its Toolmaking and Plant Engineering units in Munich, Germany. The AR-assisted app helps technicians get related data about each tool—its drill holes and clear surface features—before using it. Algorithms overlay each taken image with around 50 criteria. If a tool doesn’t meet the specifications, there is a chance to rework it before sending it to the assembly area.
In manufacturing, AR applications assist technicians in developing and maintaining cars in many ways:
Chrysler, Porsche, Mitsubishi, Hyundai, Tesla, and other major OEMs have already kicked into high gear with AR applications for their internal needs. For example, in 2018, Tesla patented a Google Glass-like AR-based system for faster and more accurate vehicle production. The AR device captures a live view of an object, its type, and its location, helping technicians get instant data about each component they are working on.
AR applications seem to stay, spread, and evolve in the automotive industry. The global automotive augmented reality market is expected to hit $10 Bn in 2026. North America will dominate this market.
According to a Markets and Markets report, the largest segment in the future is advanced AR-based head-up displays (HUD) for automotive apps. Information in the driver’s line of sight on windshields is expected to help avoid crashes. OEMs such as BMW and Volkswagen already have AR-powered HUD systems incorporated.
Sensor fusion is the key technology for autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles—to ensure data accuracy for critical safety apps. Experts also predict the fast growth of advanced display technologies like OLED and AMOLED, commonly used in television displays or smartphones. Although there are questions about their durability and temperature resistance for vehicles, legible and visually-appealing imagery for advanced AR-based HUD will drive this demand.
High safety standards, innovative competitors, and novel regulations in times of industry 4.0 require OEMs, their suppliers, and startups to invest in safer driving experiences by creating more digitalized vehicle features and more complex cars in general. Along with IoT, AI, computer vision, and cloud technologies, augmented reality helps develop truly smart connected vehicles. The technology supports driving, as well as tasks on the auto manufacturing factory floor, thus delivering competitive solutions better and faster. Softeq is here to help you implement AR capabilities for your automotive solution.